Lessons in ‘Levelling Up’ From Spain’s Basque Country

How are declining regions to be revitalized? This question arises wherever erstwhile bastions of heavy industry have collapsed in high-income countries. Nostalgia for the past is futile. One must regenerate and renew instead. The Basque country in Spain has succeeded in doing so. Its success suggests some big lessons: first, renewal must come from within; second, it is never finished. Read More