Scientifically, interstitial cystitis, also called bladder pain syndrome, is a chronic disease associated with the bladder, in which the patient suffers from pain for long periods. In addition to feeling pressure in the bladder area, this may also be accompanied by some urinary tract symptoms that appear during urination, which may last for a period of more than six months without any infection that may cause the emergence of such symptoms.
Dr. Yaman Altal defines the urinary bladder, saying that it is known as a muscular sac located in the pelvis, specifically in the area above and directly behind the pubic bone, and it is indicated that the shape and size of the bladder are similar to a pear when it is empty.He also adds that it is also provided with many layers of muscle tissue that are stretched to the extent that they can store urine inside, and the normal bladder has a storage capacity ranging between 400-600 milliliters.
Besides, Dr. Yaman explains the main causes of interstitial cystitis by saying, “It is caused by a defect in the cells that make up the bladder wall, which may cause irritation in the bladder, bladder trauma, an imbalance in the work of the pelvic muscles surrounding the bladder, an autoimmune disorder, neuritis, spinal cord trauma, or genetic reasons.”
According to symptoms, Dr. Yaman says, “a patient will have pain and an increase in bladder pressure, and each of them intensifies with increased urine filtering into the bladder.”
Also, he or she will have pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, urethra, and pelvic area in general. On the other side, women feel pain in the vulva, vagina, and behind, and they may also suffer from pain during intercourse. whereas men feel pain in the penis, testicles, and scrotum and beyond, and they may suffer from pain when reaching orgasm or after intercourse. Besides, there is an increased need to urinate, and you may urinate seven or eight times more than the usual daily rate. Also, you will have a sudden feeling of wanting to urinate, and sometimes the feeling may come immediately after urinating.
And finally, according to the treatment, Dr. Yaman refers to several ways, including changing a lifestyle, using certain medicines, surgery, bladder expansion, bladder instillation, or electrical nerve stimulation.www.dryaman.com
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